* Blood test includes:
Chemistry Panel This panel is a general chemistry screen and includes tests used to evaluate the status of several different body functions.
Sodium, Potassium, and Chloride These are blood electrolytes and abnormalities may result from a variety of diseases. Abnormalities should be discussed with your physician.
Carbon Dioxide Abnormalities may result from a variety of respiratory-related states and should by discussed with your physician.
Urea Nitrogen (BUN) and Creatinine These tests detect the presence of kidney disease, but are influenced by a number of other factors. For instance, BUN may be elevated in severe dehydration and is typically reduced in pregnancy.
Glucose This is a test for diabetes. If elevated from a fasting specimen, it should be rechecked and discussed with your physician. If you were not fasting, and the result is over 200, this may also be abnormal. If the value is between 130-200 and you were not fasting, this may be normal, but should be checked with your physician.
Coronary Heart Disease Panel (CHD) This panel is used to help evaluate the risk of developing heart disease. Any abnormalities in this panel should be discussed with your physician to determine whether there is any significance of these results with respect to you.
Cholesterol This is a blood lipid (fatty substance) known to be associated with an increased probability of heart disease in some people. If elevated, the result should definitely be discussed with your physician.
• Lower levels of HDL are associated with progressively increased risk of coronary artery disease.
• Higher levels of LDL are associated with increased risk of coronary artery disease. Please consult your physician for interpretation of your risk.
Triglycerides This is another of the blood fats. If this test is abnormal it should be discussed with your physician. This may also be elevated in the 200-600 range due to eating within 12 hours of having blood drawn. If you were not fasting and your result is in this range, a repeat test should be done on a fasting specimen.
Calcium and Phosphate These tests are indicative of bone function and of certain hormones, which influence bone function.
Uric Acid Uric acid may be elevated in gout, but the levels are extremely variable, tending to be increased during periods of stress and apprehension. If elevated, a second specimen should be examined.
Bilirubin, Total and Direct These are tests of liver function, but may be slightly elevated as an inherited characteristic or as a result of some diseases of the red blood cells. Elevated values should be discussed with your physician.
Gamma Glutamyl Transpeptidase This is a very sensitive test of liver function. Elevations are frequently seen in chronic alcohol use and as the result of taking such drugs as Phenobarbital and Dilantin.
Alkaline Phosphatase Elevations in this value are indicative of possible liver or bone disorders. Values are always elevated in adolescence when bones are still actively growing, and in about 25% of people over 60 years of age.
ALT (AGPT) and AST (SGOT) Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT) and Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST) are liver function tests. Elevations should be discussed with your physician.
LDH This test detects cell damage of various types. It is not specific for any particular disease. Abnormalities should be discussed with your physician. It can sometimes be elevated due to difficulty in drawing blood.
Total Protein, Albumin, and Globulin These tests measure the amount and type of protein in the blood. They are a general index of overall health and nutrition.
Hemoglobin A1C This is a test for diabetes. A1C is a form of hemoglobin that is measured primarily to identify the average glucose concentration over a period of two to three months. Normal levels of glucose produce a normal amount of glycated hemoglobin. As the average amount of plasma glucose increases, the fraction of glycated hemoglobin increases in a predictable way. This serves as a marker for average blood glucose levels over the previous months prior to the measurement. In diabetes, higher amounts of glycated hemoglobin, indicating poorer control of blood glucose levels, have been associated with cardiovascular disease, nephropathy, and retinopathy.