Processes of Care:
Community-Acquired Pneumonia

Processes of Care:

•  Heart Attack       Pneumonia
•  Heart Failure   •  Surgical Infection Prevention


In the United States, pneumonia is the sixth most common cause of death.  From 1979-1994, the overall rates for death due to pneumonia and influenza increased by 59%.  Much of the increase is due to a greater population of persons aged 65 years or older, and a changing epidemiology of pneumonia, including a greater proportion of the population with underlying medical conditions at increased risk of respiratory infection.  Annually, 2-3 million cases of community acquired pneumonia result in 10 million physician visits, 500,000 hospitalizations, and 45,000 deaths.


Pneumonia is a serious infection or inflammation of the lungs caused by bacteria, viruses, or (in rare cases) fungus or other organisms. The air sacs in the lungs fill with pus and other fluids, making it difficult for oxygen to reach the blood. If there is too little oxygen in the blood, other cells within the body can't work properly. Pneumonia can also lead to other infections, like meningitis, an infection in the brain.



Pneumonia Measures




State Average

National Average

Blood Culture in ED Prior to Initial Antibiotic






Antibiotic selection for ICU/non-ICU Patients






N / N = No patients needed this treatment.

CHS data timeframe is 3rd  Quarter 2014.
National and State Averages obtained from National Quality Alliance latest reporting timeframe is 2nd Quarter 2013 through 1st Quarter 2014.


*The percentages include only patients whose history and condition indicate the treatment is appropriate.


>> See previous 12-month period data chart 


Measure Definitions


Blood Cultures

Blood cultures are recommended for higher risk patients and those with severe cases of pneumonia. These should be obtained prior to the first hospital administration of antibiotic(s).


Antibiotic Timing

Patients diagnosed with Community-Acquired Pneumonia (CAP) should receive an early treatment of appropriate antibiotic soon after their hospital arrival. This significantly reduces the amount of time spent in the hospital and lowers the mortality rate.