Alexic Anomia
En Español (Spanish Version)

Definition
Alexic anomia happens when you lose your ability to understand written words. You can no longer read and name words. This is a type of aphasia, which is a language disorder. It is caused by the brain not functioning correctly. This is a serious condition that may change over time, depending on the cause.

Stroke—Most Common Cause of Alexic Anomia

Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.

Causes
Alexic anomia is caused by damage to the language areas of the brain, for example:

Risk Factors
Factors that may increase your risk of developing alexic anomia include:

Symptoms
If you have any of these symptoms, do not assume it is due to alexic anomia. These symptoms may be caused by other conditions. Tell your doctor if you have:

  • Inability to read with understanding
  • Ability to write, but not read what you have written
Diagnosis
Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done. A neurological examination and tests may also be done to check brain function.

Your doctor may need pictures of your brain. This can be done with:

You may be referred to a neurologist. This is a doctor who specializes in diseases of the nervous system.

Treatment
Talk with your doctor about the best plan for you. Treatment options include the following:

  • Speech-language therapy—to help you use your ability to communicate, regain lost abilities, learn to make up for language problems, and learn other methods to communicate
  • Counseling—to help you cope with your condition and help your family learn how to communicate with you
  • Individualized rehabilitation program—to focus on what caused your condition
Prevention
Stroke is the most common cause of aphasia. Follow these guidelines to help prevent stroke:




RESOURCES:
National Aphasia Association

National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders

National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

CANADIAN RESOURCES:
Aphasia Institute

Brain Injury Association of Alberta

Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada

References:
Aphasia. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated September 2, 2012. Accessed May 16, 2013.

Aphasia information page. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke website. Available at: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/aphasia/aphasia.htm. Updated July 9, 2012. Accessed May 16, 2013.

Cherny LR. Aphasia, alexia, and oral reading. Top Stroke Rehabil. 2004;11:22-36.

Freedman L, Selchen DH, et al. Posterior cortical dementia with alexia: neurobehavioural, MRI, and PET findings. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 1991;54;443-448.

Last Reviewed March 2014



Health Information Library content is provided by EBSCO Publishing, fully accredited by URAC. URAC is an independent, nonprofit health care accrediting organization dedicated to promoting health care quality through accreditation, certification and commendation.

 

This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.

 

To send comments or feedback to EBSCO's Editorial Team regarding the content please e-mail healthlibrarysupport@ebscohost.com.