Current Research from Top Journals -- Archive

2014
June
You've probably heard how smoking can affect your heart and lungs but your bones too? This randomized trial found that smokers had a greater risk of complications after a fracture than non-smokers.
May
A stroke can create muscle imbalances and weakness that increase risk of falls and lead to further injury and extended recovery time. Physical conditioning will help improve muscle strength and function which in turn reduces the risk for falls. This trial has found that Tai Chi may be an effective option.
April
Allergies and asthma are caused by an overreaction of the immune system believed to be caused by both genetic and environmental factors, perhaps factors that we come in contact early in life. This trial found that a greater variety of foods in the first year of life may be associated with lower risk of developing asthma or allergies.
March
Fruits and vegetables are encouraged as the cornerstone of a healthy diet in countries worldwide because of their rich nutrition values. This study completed in England shows that this nutrition may translate to greater health.
February
Most know the numerous physical benefits of quitting smoking but are reluctant to quit because they rely on their cigarettes for stress relief and decrease anxiety. However, a study, published in the British Medical Journal, found that those who quit had lower stress and anxiety levels than continued smokers.
January
Anxiety in children can not only impact their current wellness but also increase their risk of future health problems. Fortunately, therapy can be very effective, in fact, researchers from England found that a parent-led behavioral therapy program was successful at helping children manage anxiety.
2013
December
If you happen to be a nut lover, you may find yourself with a few extra years to enjoy them! Researchers found that those who had at least 2 servings of nuts per week had lower mortality during a lengthy cohort study than those who did not eat nuts.
November
Some adolescent girls who have suffered a sexual assault trauma can later develop PTSD, a psychological condition that causes them to relive painful moments. Fortunately therapy has been found to be effective in managing PTSD and this study found that Prolonged exposure therapy may be most beneficial.
October
Fatigue is a common problem with rheumatoid arthritis second only to joint pain. Medications are often relied on for treatment of RA, but it appears regular physical activity can also help manage fatigue.
There are many factors that can affect young children's behavior and sleep may be one of these important factors. Information from the large Millennium Cohort Study showed that irregular bedtimes may be associated with behavior problems in seven year old children.
September
Menopause symptoms like hot flashes are mostly nuisance but when they interfere with sleep these symptoms can start to affect your health. Fortunately, a study from the University of Pittsburgh found that regular physical activity may help manage these symptoms and improve sleep quality.
August
Most who need long term medical care prefer to be in the comforts of their home instead of a medical facility but worry that the care would not be appropriate or be too much of a burden on family. This systematic review found that home-based palliative care may help patients stay at home.
July
Smoking has been linked to a several chronic diseases but it also appears to increase complications after surgery. Fortunately, this study found that those who quit smoking for 1 year or more were able to reduce their risk of complications compared to current smokers.
June
Nuts are nutrient dense, heart healthy power foods but many stay away from them because of their fat and calorie content. However, Spanish researchers found that nuts, eaten in moderation, are not associated with weight gain.
May
Potassium has an important roles in regulating blood pressure but diets high in processed foods and low in fruits and vegetables can't provide enough of the important nutrient. Researchers found that people with hypertension can lower their blood pressure by increasing the amount of potassium in their diets.
Sodium, or salt, has long been linked to blood pressure problems but many diets continue to be high in salt, especially processed foods. A review found that people with lower sodium intake not only had lower blood pressure but also had a decreased risk of stroke.
April
Heavy alcohol use is strongly associated with liver problems but it seems it could also play a role in cancer survival. Researchers from China found that those who average three or more drinks per day were more likely to die from cancer than those who drank occasionally.
March
Diets have been blamed as a contributor to heart disease but some diets, like the Mediterranean diet, may help improve your health. In fact, researchers in Spain found that the Mediterranean diet may even decrease the risk of stroke in people heart disease risk factors.
Urinary incontinence is a common problem after childbirth. Pelvic floor muscle training can help relieve incontinence but a study in the United Kingdom found that training during pregnancy may help prevent incontinence from happening at all.
February
Exercise is a common and beneficial tool for people with osteoarthritis but the best options is not clear. A large review found that strength, aerobic, and pool exercises may provide the most benefits for reducing pain and improving function in people with osteoarthritis.
Eggs are a good source of protein but some are worried the cholesterol in eggs may increase the risk of heart disease or stroke. However, researchers found that eating up to 1 egg per day did not increase these risks.
January
Daily multivitamins may be chosen by an individual or prescribed by a doctor to boost nutrition but studies on its benefits are unclear. The Physician's Health Study II found that men who took daily multivitamins had a lower risk of cancer compared to those who took placebo.
2012
December
Asthma management includes a balance of medication and avoiding triggers but it appears diet may also play a role. Researchers in Australia found that adults with asthma that had a high intake of fruits and vegetables had fewer asthma exacerbations.
Eating fish has been linked to a variety of heart benefits but can it protect the blood flow in your brain as well? Researchers in England found that people with higher intake of fish did in fact have a lower risk of stroke.
November
The flu is a few days of misery for some, but other like pregnant women are more susceptible to more serious complications from the flu. The complications can affect the mom and baby. Researchers in Texas found that a flu vaccine during pregnancy was associated with fewer infant complications.
Brief bursts of stress may help motivate you but constant stress can wear you down and lead to serious health issues. In fact, researchers found that job stress alone was associated with an increased risk of a heart related event.
October
Certain habits like smoking or heavy alcoholic drinking can cause a variety of health issues including increasing your risk of complications after surgery. This review found that an active drinking cessation program before surgery was able to reduce the number of complications after surgery in patients with heavy drinking.
September
Stress cannot always be avoided but healthy lifestyle choices including relaxation techniques can help reduce its impact on your health. US researchers found that yoga appears to be an effective tool for reducing stress and anxiety.
Tics from neurological conditions are often mild and will pass by adulthood, but some may interfere with daily activities. Medications are available but can have side effects. US researchers have found that a form of therapy called behavioral therapy may help manage tics without side effects.
August
Certain risk factors like high blood pressure and high cholesterol increase your risk of heart disease. These conditions are most often associated with adults but researchers have found these risk factors in children, particularly those that are overweight.
Omega 3 supplements have gained in popularity as a convenient way to reduce your risk of heart disease. Unfortunately, researchers from Korea did not find a lower risk of new heart problems in adults with current heart disease taking an omega 3 supplement.
July
A diet high in fruits and vegetables is encouraged as a way to prevent many types of cancer. Researchers in London conducted a large review that found fruits and vegetables did provide some protection against colorectal cancer but the benefits were small.
Treatment for irritable bowel syndrome focuses on controlling the symptoms. One new area of interest is the benefits of probiotics. A study from Italy found that a certain probiotic, called Bifidobacterium bifidum MIMBb75, may decrease the symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome.
June
Antioxidants from foods have been linked to many health benefits but it is not clear if antioxidant supplements can provide the same benefits. A review, conducted by the Cochrane Database, found that supplements were not associated with lower death rates, in fact a few were actually associated with increased death rates.
Most leg cramps usually pass on their own but, if they occur at night they can interrupt your sleep and that can affect your overall health. Researchers from the Netherlands found that a simple stretching program before bed was able to reduce leg cramps in older adults.
May
Early detection of lung cancer may decrease or delay mortality but it is unclear which tools may be best for screening for this cancer. Researchers from the National Lung Screening Research Team found that a low-dose CT scan in long-term smokers may improve survival rates after lung cancer diagnosis.
Postworkout soreness is common after a new or particularly stressful workout but for athlete's it may also decrease training opportunities. A systematic review of previous studies found that ice baths may decrease delayed-onset muscle soreness.
April
You may be surprised to learn that although most healthy diets recommend against fried foods there is little evidence that actually links fried foods and heart disease. This trial published in Spain found that fried foods included in a diet were not associated with increased risk of heart disease.
Rotavirus vaccine can help prevent the stomach bug with vomiting and diarrhea but early trials showed a potential link between the vaccine and risk of intussusception (folding of intestines) in infants. In a safety study, researchers found that there was no association between this vaccine and risk of intussusception in infants.
March
Calories from daily sweetened or sugary drinks can quickly add up, leading to a creeping weight gain or frustrated attempts at weight loss. A large randomized trial in the United States found that replacing your sweetened drinks with no-calorie options can in fact assist in weight loss.
While Parkinson is a progressively degenerative condition, certain exercises may help slow early debilitation. Researchers from Oregon found that Tai Chi-based exercise was most effective at improving balance and decreasing falls than strength training or stretching programs.
February
Researchers from Norway examined whether music therapy, when added to standard care, decreased symptoms of depression or anxiety in depressed patients.
Researchers from the United States investigated whether a weight loss program based on calorie reducing diet, physical activity increase, or a combination of both was most beneficial for postmenopausal women.
January
The trial, published in the New England Journal of Medicine, found that the shorter combination therapy was as effective as long-term therapy at preventing development of TB.
The study, published in Cochrane Databases, found that xylitol sugar was in fact associated with decreased risk of ear infection.
2011
December
Researchers from Germany examined the two different methods of psychological therapy to determine if one had better outcomes for patients with social anxiety. The study, published in Archives of General Psychiatry, found that more patients improved with CBT than with IPT.
Researchers from Finland looked for trends in risk of heart disease in adults who were obese/overweight in childhood. The article published in The New England Journal of Medicine found that adults who were obese in childhood but not in adulthood had similar risk of cardiovascular disease as those who were never obese.
November
Researchers in England completed a systematic review to determine what benefits chocolate may have for cardiovascular and metabolic health.
The study, published in the Journal of the American Medical Association, found that prenatal folic acid intake was associated with decreased risk of severe language delay in children aged three years.
October
This review, published in Cochrane Database, found that there was no connection between weight gain and use of combined hormonal contraceptives.
September
Analysts from the Cochrane Database assessed outcomes of several studies that reviewed injury prevention in runners.
Analysts from the Cochrane Database examined the benefits of exercise-based rehabilitation compared to usual care (standard medication and physician follow-up).
August
Researchers examined several past studies to determine benefits and harms of vitamin D supplementation.
Researchers from the United Kingdom examined the rates of smoking among family members of children or adolescent smokers.
July
Researchers from the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences examined possible links between activity levels and development of Parkinson's disease.
Researchers from Canada examined steps to reduce discomfort for infants including a topical medication lidocaine, a sucrose solution, or sucrose plus lidocaine.
June
Researchers from the Netherlands investigated whether a mental or physical approach may be best for patients with cancer-related fatigue.
Yale University investigated the influence of family involvement in a weight management program for children. The study found that family-based counseling led to greater decrease in body mass index (BMI) in children.
May
Researchers from University of Colorado examined the benefits of a high-protein, low-carbohydrate diet compared to a more traditional low-fat diet in severely obese adolescents.
April
Allergies not only make you miserable during the day but they can hurt your chance of a good night's rest. Researchers from Minnesota tested the effectiveness of a combined approach with pillow encasement and local air filtration.
The Mediterranean diet has been associated with a variety of health benefits such as improving heart health and decreasing risk of certain cancer or diabetes. Researchers from Italy examined the benefits of the Mediterranean diet by the rate of adherence to the diet.
March
There are many approaches to Chronic Fatigue Syndrome treatment that may include physical, mental, and educational aspects but are any of the approaches superior? Researchers from London found that a program with exercise and mental healthy therapy were associated with improvements in fatigue and function.
Sunscreen is recommended to keep your skin from turning red but can it can also decrease your risk of cancer. Researchers from Australian found that regular use of sunscreen may decrease the risk of melanoma.
February
Oxidative stress is believed to be one of many different causes of male infertility. Researchers from Cochrane database found that antioxidant supplementation may decrease the effects of this stress and improve pregnancy rates in subfertile men.
Babies that remain in the heads-up position towards the end of pregnancy may result in a breech birth or cesarean section. Fortunately, researchers from Cochrane database found that external cephalic version appears effective in coaxing the baby to the correct position and decreasing the need for cesarean sections.
January
Vomitting is a common discomfort in pregnancy and many mothers-to-be are anxious to find safe relief. Researchers from Cochrane database found that acupressure or acupuncture were not associated with significant relief.
Although generally not a serious threat to health, infectious related diarrhea can make you miserable. Researchers from Cochrane database found that probiotics, good bacteria, may decrease the number of days and intensity of diarrhea.
2010
December
Calcium supplements are known for their benefits with bone health but some believe it may also help maternal and infant health when taken during pregnancy. Researchers from Cochrane Database found that calcium during pregnancy decreased risk of death and illness associated with pregnancy.
Physical activity has been associated with a reduced risk in certain types of cancer but the exact amount and intensity of exercise is not clear. Data from the Nurse's Health Study suggest that daily walking may significantly decrease risk of breast cancer in some women.
November
Oral NSAIDs are a common choice to decrease pain and inflammation but as with any drug there are potential side effects specifically stomach problems or interference with kidney function. Researchers from Cochrane database found that a topical form of NSAIDs was effective in decreasing pain for people with sport injuries without systemic side effects.
Initial reaction to an injured joint is to rest, and if you injure your back this may mean a severe decrease or halt to your activities. However, researchers from the Cochrane database found that getting out of bed and keeping active may help speed your recovery.
October
PSA is a blood test used to screen for prostate cancer in men, most often recommended for men over age 50. As with any screening test, it is under scrutiny to ensure that the positive aspects of this test outweigh any negative consequences. University of Florida researchers reviewed several past studies and found that PSA screening does not decrease mortality rates in men with prostate cancer.
A balanced diet with plenty of vegetables are often associated with lower risks of many chronic diseases. United Kingdom researchers found that leafy greens in particular may be the key vegetables in decreasing the risk of type 2 diabetes.
September
Lifestyle changes and challenges, like those due to chroinc illness, may increase the chance of developing depression. Researchers from UK found that people with Type 2 Diabetes have an increased risk of developing depression.
August
Plantar warts will often go away on their own, but some are a bit more stubborn or can develop in painful areas. Current treatments can cause damage to the area around the wart, but researchers from China have found that local hyperthermia may be an effective tool in getting rid of plantar warts with little damage to surrounding area.
Standard CPR steps include rounds of rescue breathing and chest compressions, but rescue breathing may intimidate some bystanders. Two studies from Seattle and Sweden suggest that CPR using chest compressions only may have survival rates as successful as standard CPR survival rates.
July
A diet high in meats has often been linked to higher risk of developing certain diseases but some research suggests specific types of meat may have more risk than others. Researchers from Harvard School of Public Health found that regular processed meats may increase risk of both diabetes and heart disease.
June
Caregivers provide an important link between medical care and homelife, but they may need more assistance than is typically offered. Researchers from Spain found that support sessions and bipolar education for caregivers improved health for people with bipolar disorder.
Meal replacement diets are one of many diet options to help people lose weight. Researchers from Medifast found that a meal replacement program appeared to be more beneficial in initial weight loss than a plan that involved participant food preparation, but there were some study limits.
May
Severe asthma attacks in children often include a trip to the doctor's office or emergency room for treatment. Researchers in Australia found that training parents to administer an oral corticosteroid at home not only decreased the need for emergency medical help but also improved recovery.
Vitamins are most often associated with health benefits but can high doses of vitamins create more harm than good? A study from Canada found that high doses of Vitamin B may actually increase kidney and blood vessel health for people with diabetes.
April
Many heart disease and stroke guidelines include recommendations to decrease dietary saturated fats, but the proof of the link is unclear. A systematic review by researchers in California did not find a link between high dietary saturated fats and the development of heart disease or stroke.
Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) occurs most often in late adolescence and early adulthood and can interfere with day to day life. A Cochrane review found that behavioral/cognitive therapy may be as effective as medication in managing OCD.
March
Eczema is caused by genetic factors but certain environmental irritants and food may be linked to its development. Researchers from Sweden found that infants with an early introduction to fish were less likely to develop eczema.
Loss of bone can lead to severe fractures and disability, but there are many steps you can take to build and keep strong healthy bones. Researchers at Curtin University found that walking may be an effective tool in maintaining bone density.
February
Obesity in children and adolescents can set the stage for early development of illnesses and obesity in adults. Researchers in Boston found that teens with a lack of sleep, too much time on the internet, and alcohol use were more likely to have higher BMIs.
January
Heart medication may be prescribed to help decrease the stress of the heart or to improve its function. A large study from Boston has shown that the medications may also provide some protection against Alzheimer's.
Ginkgo Biloba is often sold as an aid for a healthy brain but it may not be as effective as some believe. In a large study people that were given ginkgo biloba supplements were not foudn to have lower rates of cognitive decline than those that did not take the supplements.
2009
December
Good asthma management can lead to decrease use of medicine, illness, and improved quality of life. Researchers from Egypt found that certain vitamins and dietary supplements may be an effective tool for asthma management in children.
Researchers from India found that a yoga program may be an effective tool in an asthma management program.
November
Acetaminophen is often given just after vaccines to reduce the chance of developing a fever. However, researchers from the Czech Republic found that in addition to lowering fever, the medication may also lower the immune response to the vaccine.
October
A pacifier can help soothe a cranky baby but some worry that it may discourage the infant from breastfeeding. Researchers from Buenos Aires found in their study that pacifier use did not affect the rate of breastfeeding.
Daily choices like diet or physical activity are known to play an important role in maintaining good physical health but it appears they may also be important for your mental health. Researchers from Spain found that participants who followed a Mediterranean diet were less likely to develop depression.
September
Hypertension can lead to serious heart and blood vessel disease but there are lifestyle changes you can make to decrease your risk. Researchers from Brigham and Women’s Hospital and Harvard Medical School found six particular habits that may decrease your risk.
Obesity has been linked to low levels of physical activity and increased hours of time in front of a TV or computer but just how great is the risk? Researchers from Iowa State University found that children with these habits were 3-4 times more likely to be overweight.
August
Managing asthma can help decrease your sick days and keep you breathing freely. Research from the Netherlands found that an online program may be able to provide support and decrease problems.
Healthy choices have been encouraged to help decrease the risk of many serious illnesses and now it also may help keep the heart strong. Researchers in Boston found that men with certain healthy habits had significantly lower risks of heart failure.
July
Smoking can be a difficult habit to break but supportive tools may increase your chance of success. Researchers in South Korea found that a computer based program may help you stay smoke free through the first year.
Technology is a common part of teens' everyday activities, but it may play a role in their sleep time. Researchers from Drexel University found that teens with high technology use at night were more likely to doze off during the day.
Babies are known to reap benefits from breastfeeding but it appears it may be good for mom too. Researchers at the University of Pittsburgh found that women that breastfed were less likely to develop heart disease later in life.
Warm water immersion has been used for years to help relieve pain and anxiety for women in labor. A review by the Cochrane database found that this birthing option did appear to reduce the need for pain medication and did not increase the risk of illness for the mother or baby.
June
Although the specific reason is not clear, many studies have shown a link between certain illnesses and red or processed meats. Researchers from the National Cancer institute found that eating high levels of these meats may shorten your life expectancy.
A screening test for ovarian cancer would help to diagnose the cancer before it spreads. Unfortunately, the PLCO Cancer Screening Trial found that the CA 125 and Transvaginal Ultrasound were not effective tools for ovarian cancer screening.
Many studies have shown that having the right amount of folic acid in the diet can help prevent birth defects known as neural tube defects. Researchers from Canada found that folic acid may also play a role in preventing birth defects related to the heart.
Women with low risk pregnancies may choose to have their birth at home rather than a hospital but some are concerned over the safety of homebirths. A study done in the Netherlands found that homebirths attended by certified midwives were just as safe as hospital births.
Teens that smoke regularly have a high risk of becoming smoking adult and developing deadly illnesses. Researchers from Dartmouth Medical School found that the exposure to smoking images in movies may encourage a long term habit.
May
Diet soda is often used as a substitute for high sugar drinks for people trying to cut down on calories and sugar intake. However, an observational study from the University of Texas suggests there may be a link between diet soda consumption and type 2 Diabetes.
The type of fat you eat can play as large of a role in the risk of heart disease as the amount of fat you eat. Researchers from Denmark found that replacing saturated fats in a diet with polyunsaturated fats may significantly reduce the risk for heart disease.
April
Thimerosal is a preservative made with mercury, that was formally used with vaccines. There were some concerns that the mercury caused developmental issues in children that received vaccines with thimerosal. A 10 year follow-up in Italy found no significant developmental differences in children that had received the vaccine.
There are hundreds of choices of diet plans to help you lose weight, many which focus on eliminating or enhancing one nutrient. Researchers from Harvard School of Public Health found that what matters most in weight loss is the amount of calories not the source of the calories.
The best treatment for hot flashes was HRT but there are concerns about its safety. US researchers found that desvenlafaxine, an antidepressant, may help women manage hot flashes.
The rates of obesity in children has been climbing at an alarming rate over the last decade. A study from Sweden found that obesity in youth can lead to early death in adulthood.
People with seasonal allergies may begin to flock to medicine cabinets for relief from nasal congestion. But a study done in Vienna suggests that phenylephrine may not be the best choice for relief.
Eczema can cause severe dry and scaly patches on the skin and is most common in children. A research review found that adding probiotics to treatment may help to decrease the symptoms in children with severe eczema.
Severe PMS can cause intense physical and behavioral symptoms that may interfere with your ability to function socially and professionally. A research review finds that some anti-depressant medication may be effective at relieving these symptoms.
A tonsillectomy is a common procedure often done for children with recurrent sore throats. A review of past studies indicate that this surgery may not have significant benefits for some.
Gout is a painful inflammatory condition that can cause short term disability. Canadian researchers found that a diet rich with high vitamin C levels may help prevent gout.
March
Cognitive decline is a common problem associated with aging. Some research has suggested vitamin B may decrease the decline. However, results from the Women’s Antioxidant and Folic Acid Cardiovascular Study found that B vitamins did not prevent decline as hoped.
People with Celiac Disease benefit greatly from a gluten-free diet, but can some gluten be tolerated? Researchers in England found that the amount of gluten that can be tolerated can vary widely from person to person.
In many individuals Type 2 diabetes may be a preventable condition with proper lifestyle changes. Two separate studies found specific weight measurements and food choices that may increase the risk for this type of diabetes.
Shoes insoles are a common consumer choice to treat back pain. A systematic review by the Cochrane Library suggests that these insoles are not effective in preventing back pain.
Physical activity has been linked to a decrease chance of stroke. Researchers from Germany found that activity in and through adulthood was most beneficial in reducing the risk of stroke.
Some find that diabetes management and lifestyle changes can be a difficult task. Many studies have shown that a support system is important and the Center for Health Studies in Seattle found that an online version can be effective.
February
Back pain can greatly impact your life and can be difficult to manage. Research from Northern Ireland suggests that acupuncture may be able to play a role in alleviating back pain.
A Cochrane library review found that a basic exercise program may help increase walking times and decrease pain for people with this chronic leg pain.
Researchers in Spain tested the benefits of the Mediterranean diet when healthy fats were encouraged through nuts or olive oil compared to a traditional low fat diet. The diets with nuts or oil appear to have better results.
A review of birth outcomes from the Cochrane database found that births attended by midwives had some better outcomes than traditional births.
Smoking and nicotine can have serious effects on the health of the developing baby, including increasing the risk of death. A study in Denmark found that women that tried nicotine replacement therapy during pregnancy had lower risks of stillbirths than those that continued smoking.
Salmonella tainted peanut butter has been responsible for making hundreds of people sick over the last couple of months. The CDC was able to track the source of infection through a series of case studies.
The National Center for Injury Prevention and Control reviewed the results of a national teen violence survey to find if there is a link between alcohol use and teen violence. The study found that early use of alcohol may be connected to some types of violence.




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