Apoplexy
En Español (Spanish Version)

Definition
Apoplexy is bleeding into a cavity or organ. There are various forms of apoplexy, including:

  • Adrenal apoplexy—bleeding into adrenal glands
  • pituitary apoplexy—bleeding into the pituitary gland
Pituitary Gland

Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.

Causes
Apoplexy may be caused by:

  • Tumor growth
  • Hormonal imbalance
  • Blood clot
  • Acute illness
  • Drastic changes in blood volume or blood pressure
  • Blood clotting disorders
Risk Factors
Factors that increase your chance of developing apoplexy include:

  • Hormonal insufficiency
  • Previous surgery
  • Bleeding disorders
  • Injury
Symptoms
Symptoms may include:

  • Headache
  • Nausea
  • Loss of vision
  • Double vision
  • Confusion
  • Pain
  • Fatigue
Diagnosis
Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done.

Your bodily fluids may be tested. This can be done with:

  • Blood tests
  • Urine tests
Images may be taken of your bodily structures. This can be done with:

Treatment
Talk with your doctor about the best treatment plan for you. Initial treatment will be done to stabilize you. After you have been stabilized, treatment options will be chosen based on the cause and location of your apoplexy. Options include:

  • Medications—to correct hormonal imbalances
  • Surgery—tumor removal if the tumor is the cause
Prevention
There is no known way to prevent apoplexy.




RESOURCES:
Hormone Health Network

National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

CANADIAN RESOURCES:
Canadian Institute for Health Information

Canadian Institutes of Health Research

References:
Pituitary apoplexy . UCLA Health System website. Available at: http://neurosurgery.ucla.edu/body.cfm?id=206. Accessed October 8, 2013.

Last Reviewed October 2013



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