Información detallada sobre condiciones: Neumonía
English Version

La neumonía es una seria infección de los pulmones que ocasiona que los sacos de aire en los pulmones se llenen con pus y con otros líquidos. Cualquiera de estos agentes puede causar la infección: bacterias, virus, hongos y micoplasma. En general, la neumonía se divide en dos tipos: extrahospitalaria u hospitalaria o adquirida en residencias de ancianos.

Alvéolos

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Usted podría contraer neumonía simplemente porque tuvo contacto con un organismo que usted respiró y llevó a sus pulmones. El que se enferme o no depende del grado de contagio del organismo, de la cantidad de organismos que inhale y de la capacidad de su sistema inmunitario para combatir la infección.

En los Estados Unidos, la neumonía es una enfermedad muy común, en particular, en adultos de edad avanzada.




References
Explore pneumonia. National Heart Lung Blood Institute (NHLBI) website. Available at: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/pnu. Updated March 1, 2011. Accessed April 3, 2013.

Mandell LA, Wunderink RG, Anzueto A, et al. Infectious Diseases Society of America/American Thoracic Society consensus guidelines on the management of community-acquired pneumonia in adults. Clin Infect Dis. 2007;44 Suppl 2:S27-S72.

Koulenti D, Rello J. Hospital-acquired pneumonia in the 21st century: a review of existing treatment options and their impact on patient care. Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2006;7:1555-1569.

Pneumonia symptoms diagnosis and treatment. American Lung Association website. Available at: http://www.lung.org/lung-disease/pneumonia/symptoms-diagnosis-and.html. Accessed April 3, 2013.

Pneumonia in adults. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php. Updated March 25, 2013. Accessed April 3, 2013.

Pneumonia in children. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php. Updated March 18, 2013. Accessed April 3, 2013.

Niederman MS. Community-acquired pneumonia: management controversies, part 1; practical recommendations from the latest guidelines. J Respir Dis. 2002;23:10-17.

Last Reviewed February 2013



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