Diagnóstico de Trastornos de Lípidos
English Version

Los trastornos de lípidos se diagnostican con exámenes sanguíneos que miden el nivel de colesterol y triglicéridos en la sangre.

Análisis de sangre
Los niveles de colesterol se revisan con un examen sanguíneo. Se toma una pequeña muestra de sangre de una vena en su brazo. Usted podría necesitar ayunar durante varias horas, por lo general toda la noche, antes que se tome su muestra de sangre. El examen mide niveles de:

  • Colesterol total.
  • Colesterol LDL no saludable
  • Colesterol HDL saludable
  • Triglicéridos.
Las lecturas se interpretan de la siguiente manera:

Colesterol totalNivelInterpretación<200 mg/dL (5.2 mmol/L)Deseable200 a 239 mg/dl (5,2 a 6,1 mmol/l)Límite alto240 mg/dl (6,2 mmol/l) o másAltoColesterol LDLNivelInterpretaciónmenos de 100 mg/dL (2.6 mmol/L)Óptimo100 a 129 mg/dl (2,6 a 3,3 mmol/l)Casi óptimo/ por encima del óptimo130 a 159 mg/dl (3.4 a 4.0 mmol/l)Límite alto160 a 189 mg/dl (4.1 a 4.8 mmol/l)Alto>190 mg/dl (4,9 mmol/l) o másMuy altoColesterol HDLNivelInterpretación60 mg/dl (1.6 mmol/l) o másProtector contra enfermedades cardiacasmenos de 40 mg/dL (1.0 mmol/L)Un principal factor de riesgo para enfermedades cardiacasTriglicéridos.NivelInterpretaciónmenos de 150 mg/dL (1.7 mmol/L)Normal150 a 199 mg/dl (1.7 a 2.2 mmol/l)Límite alto200 a 499 mg/dl (2,3 a 5,6 mmol/l)Alto500 mg/dl (5,7 mmol/l) o másMuy alto
mg/dl = miligramos por decilitro de sangre (mmol/l= milimoles por litro de sangre)

ATP III guidelines at a glance quick desk reference. National Cholesterol Education Program. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute website. Available at: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/guidelines/cholesterol/atglance.pdf. Updated May 2001. Accessed March 22, 2013.

Hypercholesterolemia. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what. Updated February 11, 2013. Accessed March 22, 2013.

Hypertriglyceridemia. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what. Updated January 17, 2013. Accessed March 22, 2013.

Last Reviewed February 2013

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