Lifestyle Changes to Manage Chronic Kidney DiseaseEn Español (Spanish Version)
Certain lifestyle changes can help slow the progression of chronic kidney disease. These changes can also prevent complications of the disease. Depending on the stage of your disease and other medical conditions you have, your doctor may ask you to:
, also known as high blood pressure, is a common cause of chronic kidney disease. See your doctor to find out if you have high blood pressure. If you do, take the blood pressure medications your doctor prescribes.
Being overweight or
can lead to high blood pressure and
. If you’re overweight, speak with your doctor or a dietitian about how to lose weight.
High blood glucose levels make chronic kidney disease worse. Simple tests can tell if you have diabetes. If you do, take the diabetes medications your doctor prescribes.
Smoking makes chronic kidney disease worse. Ask your doctor for helpquitting
Table salt and dietary protein make chronic kidney disease progress more quickly. Phosphorus, a mineral found in some foods, builds up in the blood when the kidneys are not functioning properly. Phosphorus can make your bones lose calcium and become weak. Chronic kidney disease can also increase the amount of lipids in your blood. High lipids can lead to heart attacks and stroke.
Your doctor may recommend cutting down on salt, protein, dairy products, peas, cola, nuts, and high-fat foods. A dietitian can help you select healthy foods for your condition. If you lose your appetite due to chronic kidney disease, a dietitian can help you choose tastier foods.
A common complication of chronic kidney disease is
coronary heart disease
, which can lead to heart attacks. The lifestyle changes already listed will help reduce your risk of a heart attack. Exercising regularly will also help protect your heart.
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http://www.kidney.org/atoz/pdf/11-10-1814.pdf. Published 2010. Accessed July 2, 2013.
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http://familydoctor.org/online/famdocen/home/common/kidney/832.html. Updated November 2010. Accessed July 2, 2013.
Kidney disease basics. National Kidney Disease Education Program website. Available at:
http://www.nkdep.nih.gov/patients/kidney_disease_information.htm. March 1, 2012. Accessed July 2, 2013.
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Am J Kidney Dis.
National Kidney Foundation. Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative (K/DOQI) clinical practice guidelines on hypertension and antihypertensive agents in chronic kidney disease.
Am J Kidney Dis.
Snyder S, Pendergraph B. Detection and evaluation of chronic kidney disease.
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Last Reviewed July 2013